BHAKTPUR CITY

The city is located fifteen kilometers east of Kathamndu and living museum of Nepali rich art and architecture. Once a Walled city in historical days, Bhaktapur literally means '"city of devotees" and also is known as Bhadgaon. It is an ancient city with repository of Nepali culture. It is full of numerous temples, palaces, statues and other arts of glories past. The city is the storehouse of Nepali medieval art and architecture. It is regarded as the oldest town of the valley. It had origin in the time of the Lichhavi ruler in 889 A.D., the King Ananda Deva expanded it in the shape of a conch shell, an emblem of the Hindu God Vishnu. Bhaktpur is very famous for its traditional art and pottery and weaving. There are so many places worth seeing like Durbar Square, National Art Gallery, Nyatapole Temple (Nepal’s tallest temple), Dattatraya Temple, Siddha Pokhari, Golden Gate, The Lion gate, the palace of Fifty Five windows, the statue of King Bhupatendra Malla, Bhairava Nath Temple etc.,

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

The main center of the city presents innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces in the courtyard of its palace complex. Bhaktapur Durbar Square still reflects the lifestyle of the medieval era and is a glorious place to stroll around. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the most unexploited of the Squares with the old 55 windowed Malla Palace built in the 15th century. The Golden Gate, the Lion Gate, the statue of King Bhupatendra Malla, Batsala temple and Pasupati Temple are considered a masterpieces of Nepali art and Architecture. Bhaktapur Durbar Square was listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.

National art gallery

His Majesty’s Government of Nepal, Department of Archaeology in 1960 A.D. at the Singhadhoka building complex of Bhaktapur Royal Palace, established the National Art Gallery. This Gallery was founded to preserve and introduce traditional Painting, ancient stone, wood and metal carving. You can see some stone inscriptions dating back to the time of Lichchavi King Shiva Deve and King Yaksha Malla of 15th century. The gallery exhibits ancient painting, stone, wood and metal work of ancient Hindu Good and Goddess. The Gallery has not been able to function as National Art Museum due to the lack of Space and Management.




Nyatapole Temple

This temple was erected at the time of King Bhupatendra Malla in 1708 A.D. The five storied temple stands on a five-tiered platform with figures of men, elephants, lions, griffins and deities perched on each other. This is the best specimen of pagoda architecture in Nepal. The wooden framework, which bears the resemblance of the roof, is also very decorative in a harmonious proportion. Five pairs of strange figures guard the temple.

Dattaratraya Temple

It is said that this temple was built from the trunk of a single tree by King Yaksha Malla and renovated by king Biswa Malla in 1458 A.D. This temple dedicated to three main gods of Hindus Lord Siva, Bhishnu and Bramaha. There is a lane going to the Math (Hindu Monastery) of the temple with exquisitely carved windows of 15th century. You can see famous peacock window with super leading art, carved at the time of Biswa Malla in 1458 A.D. The peacock window and its minute carving represent a peacock in full pride, which is bold and well executed

The Golden Gate

The golden gate dated back to king Rangit Malla in 1756 A.D. It is one of the most beautifully and richly carved specimen of its kind in the entire world, which has been praised for its exquisite beauty and craftsmanship by the famous art critic Percy Brown. Situated at the main Entrance of the 55-window palace, many intricate sign of Purna Kalash with all the auspicious sign are carved. The column of the gate is decorated with sets of five different images of gods and goddess. The gate itself is surmounted by an intricately five faced, ten handed figure of goddess Durga poising to kill demon, Mahishasur according to Hindu Mythology and other images of animals which has been designed and placed in handsome setting.