The Climate

Nepal has a diversity of weather and climate due to altitudinal differences. It is about 885 km (East to West) in length and 193 km (North to South) in width with altitudes varying between 65 meters in the Southern Terai area bordering India to Mount Everest, a colossal 8848 meters. Nepal experiences tropical, sub-tropical, alpine and trans - Himalayan types of climate.

Vegetation differs from thick jungle in the forest to sub-tropical and rich pine mountain jungles ending in the north, in the wind swept arid Trans-Himalayan region. The Terai area has hot and humid climate in the summer and cold climate in the winter. The average temperature varies from 21*C to 39* C during winter. In the central mountain region, the weather is cold in the winter and cool in summer. The average temperature varies between 15*C to 35* C in summer and 0* C to 20* c in during winter

The midland, which has pockets of valleys, has a warm and soothing climate. Most of the rainfalls occur during the summer season. The annual rainfall during summer varies form 60 to 100 inches while in Kathmandu valley it is about 58 inches. Pokhara valley gets more then 150 inches of rainfall during the summer.

Nepal has four seasons. The two ideal seasons are September to November and February to April, where there is little or no rain and temperature in Kathamamdu varies between 13*c to 24*c. The winter season, December to January, is cold about 4*c to 8*c. Warm clothing are necessary but it never snows in the valley. The hot season, March to August, records temperature between the range of 21*c 35*c with the monsoon beginning in mid-September. Rains are not as heavy as in other parts of Asia but humidity is high. The extreme temperature 20*c during winter is recorded. By virtue of its geographical setting, topographical extremities govern the climate condition of Nepal. Tropical, sub-tropical, temperate, alpine, and sub-alpine and tundra types of climate are respectively encountered in its Terai lowland, mid-land hills and the alpine region. The climate of Nepal is varied and it reflects the physical feature and altitude bands of the country. This dramatic complex and varied topography form the basis of the Tourism attractions of Nepal. It has a very pleasant climate all the year round.