Geography


Nepal
is a land of unique attraction. The sovereign independent country situated on the southern slopes of the Mid-Himalayas lies between 80*4'-88*12' east longitude and 26*22'-30*27' North latitude. It is located between Tibet autonomous region of the people's republic of China in the North and India in the south, East and West. It has an area of 14181 sq. km. The length of the country from east to west is 885 km and its width from north to south, non-uniforms is the mean width of 193 km. The major part of the country varies from 69 meters above the sea level in the Terai in the south to more than 8800 meters in the north Himalayas. Geographically Nepal is a transitional zone wedged between the Tibetan Highlands in the North and the Gangetic plains in the south. The country is divided into three regions on the basis of their altitudes; these are the Terai region, The Hilly region and The Himalayan region.

Terai Region
The narrow strip of plains in the south extending from east to west of the foothills of the Himalalayas is known as Terai, the tropical never more than 48 km in width. It occupies 17% of total land mass and holds more than 40 % of Population. The highest point range is 65 meter to 750 meters above sea level. The climate is tropical and lands are very fertile. The Terai is responsible for 60 % of the country's GNP and 75 % of the revenue. The region covered with eight miles of wide dense forest and noted both for hard wood forest and wildlife. It habitats worlds most endangered species like one horned Rhinoceros and the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger, Hornbill etc. The Royal Chitwan National Park and Royal Bardia National Park lies in this region.

The Hilly Region
This is the largest region of Nepal occupying 68% is responsible for only 40% of the country's GNP and 25 % of the revenue. This region is residence of the country’s huge population. This region has a temperate climate and land is pretty fertile compared to the Himalayan region. They have average width form 60-100 kilometers and height ranging 750 meters to 4500 meters above the sea from north to south. Most of the famous Valleys and tourist destinations like Kathmandu, Pokhara, Tansen, Khaptadand Arun Valley lie in this region.

Himalayan Region
The Himalayan region of Nepal occupies 15% of the total area of the country. Here, the altitude varies from 4500m above sea level to 8848m above sea level. This region embraces eight out of the fourteen highest peaks in the world exceeding 8000m. This region holds about 1310 named and unnamed famous peaks. These are Mount Everest (8848m), Kanchan Junga (8598m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8481m), Cho-Oyu (8201m) Dhaulargiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m), Annapurna (8091m). Most of these are covered with snow around the year. Owing to the existence of numerous mountain passes and deep gorges, the Himalayan climate is very cold and windy and the land is less fertile. Thus, cultivation and agriculture is near impossible. However, this is a very popular tourist destination in Nepal.